Surgical Treatment for Arthritis

Surgical treatments for arthritis are sought for permanent removal of pain from joints. This however is a painstaking issue because severe complications can follow. Find out how you could make it easy for yourself and your surgeon.

The surgical treatment for arthritis is the ultimate and the last option for arthritis relief. When medications, injections or natural remedies fail to work wonders for your feeble, painful or deformed joints surgery could help you completely escape them.

Surgical methods imply that the joints are either cleansed off all debris or impurities, or replaced or fused with other adjacent bones. Researchers have classified surgical procedures into the below lying categories.

Types of surgical procedures:

Doctors or rheumatologists often prescribe blood thinning medicines and/or physical exercises before a surgical arthritis treatment in order to increase blood circulation. There are three major procedures involved for treating severe arthritis conditions which are listed here below:

  • Synovectomy or Surgical Cleaning: This procedure is undertaken when a joint is inflamed and affected with infected and/or diseased tissues. The joint is cleared off the synovium fluid and other impurities that eat away the cartilages. It is common in the case of rheumatoid arthritis and for other types of hand arthritis.
  • Replacement of Joints: The technique involved is also called “arthroplasty”. It is used for severe cases of hand arthritis. The artificial joint is made of metal, plastic, silicon rubber or out the patient’s own body tissue like the tendon.
  • Joint Fusion or Arthrodesis: According to this technique the joint is removed and the ends of two joints are fused together. This inhibits movement or flexibility at the fused joints.

Osteoarthritis which is the next common form of arthritis apart from rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic condition that does not report much progress. Surgery may be required for severe cases of spinal arthritis that could lead to unsteadiness of the joint or pinching of the nerve roots.

Joint replacements are a common technique for completely erasing hip or shoulder arthritis. Though some relief is sought through the replacement of joints, the technique does not completely solve all hip problems. For instance, the materials used in hip replacements do not last forever even though it depends upon the age and activity levels of the person.

Approach of the surgeon:

Ensure that your surgeon recognizes and examines you on the following grounds:

  • The effects of the infected joint on the surrounding and other joints
  • Your physical limitations
  • The psychological challenges
  • Complex deformities
  • Poor quality of bone
  • Higher rates and probabilities for further complication

Tips to follow after a surgery:

Experts suggest that one should follow the following instructions after undergoing a surgical treatment for their joints:

  • Do not bend too often and avoid sitting on low chairs after a hip surgery
  • Do not cross your legs and sit after a knee surgery
  • Avoid twisting your legs after a lower limb surgery
  • Don’t strain your hips by lifting heavy things
  • Do not lie down on the operated side in case of a hip, hand or leg surgery
  • Consult your doctor if you are suffering from any kind of pain, bleeding or breathing difficulties

Always remember that surgical procedures for arthritis are ways to correct deformities caused from the disease. Though it can provide temporary relief from the pain and discomfort experienced at the joints, future referrals and additional treatments are necessary for achieving more comfort.