Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic, inflammatory type of arthritis. It is also classified as an autoimmune disease and in this disease immune cells attack the body’s own healthy tissues).The joints are primarily affected by rheumatoid arthritis, but there can be systemic effects (i.e. organs) as well.
Symptoms for Rheumatoid Arthritis:
The primary symptoms for rheumatoid arthritis include:
- joint pain
- joint swelling or effusion
- joint stiffness
- redness and/or warmth near the joint
- restricted range of motion
Arthritis medications are the primary course of treatment for rheumatoid arthritis. Each individual patient is evaluated by their rheumatologist and a treatment plan is agreed upon. Along with medication, some forms of complementary treatment or local injections may help relieve pain.
Medications used for rheumatoid arthritis may include:
- Biologics (Enbrel, Remicade, Humira, Rituxan, Orencia):
Biologics (BRMs, TNF Blockers and Biologic DMARDs) drug information, dosage, side effects, drug interactions, and warnings. BRMs (biologic response modifiers), such as TNF blockers and other biologic DMARDs (disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs), are medications that stimulate or restore the ability of the immune system to fight arthritis and rheumatic disease.
- DMARDs (disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs such as methotrexate):
DMARD / Immunosuppressant drug information, dosage, side effects, drug interactions, and warnings. DMARDs (disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs) and immunosuppressants are medications used to treat arthritis and other rheumatic conditions. DMARDs and immunosuppressants are drugs that help reduce inflammation and slow disease progression.
- Corticosteroids (such as prednisone, hydrocortisone):
Corticosteroids (glucocorticoids, steroids) drug information, dosage, side effects, drug interactions, and warnings. Corticosteroids, also called glucocorticoids or just “steroids”, are powerful drugs that can quickly reduce inflammation and pain. To maximize benefits, but minimize potential side effects, corticosteroids are usually prescribed in low doses or for short durations
- NSAIDs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as Celebrex and naproxen):
NSAID drug information, dosage, side effects, drug interactions, and warnings. NSAIDs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) are a large class of medications used to treat arthritis pain and inflammation. There are three categories of NSAIDs: Salicylates (acetylated, such as aspirin, and non-acetylated), the traditional NSAIDs, and COX-2 selective inhibitors
- Analgesics (painkillers):
Analgesic drug information, dosage, side effects, drug interactions, and warnings. Analgesics (also called painkillers, pain killers, pain medications, pain relievers) are drugs designed to suppress the pain mechanism. Pain relief is a significant part of arthritis treatment