Back Arthritis – Causes, Symptoms and Remedies

Arthritis in the low back is a common diagnosis and can cause discomfort, it is important to remember that is a process of wear and tear.

Generally, there are two types of arthritis. The most common type is caused by degenerative wear-an-tear on the joints – the aging process. An example of this could be noticed in older people who have swollen knuckles. This is a symptom of arthritis and is the result of many years of use.


There are numerous reasons for these occurrences, some of them could be:

  • The natural aging of the facet joints in the back of your spine
  • The aging of the discs in the front.
  • The inflamation of lining around the joint. Degenerative changes will cause a loss of water content in the discs and will affect the amount of motion available in the spine
  • The narrowing of the discs, the wearing down of the facet joints and the inflammation of the lining around the joints can result in arthritis-like changes.

Some more Causes

Causes for back pain in arthritis keep varying from individual; to individual and they are unique. Pain may be the result of any combination of factors, such as

  • day-to-day activities
  • lifestyle
  • level of fitness
  • nutritional status and aging process

Symptoms of Back Arthritis

Pain and spasm of muscles in the lower back is the hallmark of back pain. This can occur after

  • standing
  • stooping
  • bending
  • lifting
  • after sitting in a chair for too long a time

Diagnosis of Back Arthritis

Diagnosis of low back strain syndrome is based upon a combination of history, clinical findings and x-ray results.

Treatment of Back Arthritis

Listed below are treatments for back arthritis:

  • Medicine often helps relieve low back symptoms. The type of medicine your health care provider recommends depends on the symptoms and how uncomfortable you feel
  • Treatment for severe arthritis in the back might include prescription drugs which your health care provider may recommend.

Prevention of Back Arthritis

There are a number of specific measures that can be taken to ensure a healthy back. These include the following:

  • Exercise regularly.
  • Shed some pounds if you are overweight. Excess weight puts extra stress on the back and makes it difficult to maintain good posture.
  • Avoid twisting while lifting. Twisting increases the chance of injury. Even garbage collectors, who usually have strong backs, are prone to injury because of the twisting involved
  • Maintain good posture. Stand with the back straight, pelvis tucked, shoulders down, head erect and chin tucked in. Poor posture increases pressure on the discs in the spine, stresses muscles and stretches ligaments so that they are unable to provide adequate leverage when lifting
  • Avoid sitting too long. No other position puts as much pressure on the back muscles and discs
  • Sit correctly. Sit with your feet flat, back straight, shoulders back and head up.